Thursday, March 25, 2010

What should be done to solve Naxal Problem

• Green hunt should be a final and synchronized counter-offensive against the Naxal movement.

• Time frame must be fixed and adhered to.

• The Quality of Local Intelligence should be improved. Befriend and support locals.
Local Intelligence Helps Distinguish Between Terrorist and Noncombatant.

• A Capacity for Synchronized Operations should be increased. They increase Neutralization Rate.

• The Degree of Political Will and Resolve to terminate this problem should be developed.

• Surgically neutralize as many terrorists as possible,

• As quickly as possible,

• For as long as possible.

• Keep a veil of secrecy. Keep media away. Their reporting alerts the Maoists.

• Increase spending and development in the naxal areas.

• NREGA should be honestly implemented.

• No Atrocities should be committed by the Forces on villagers.

• Recruit camp boys, cooks, sweepers etc from local population.

• All Political parties should unitedly battle the enemy. Isolate and expose those parties who are soft towards Naxals. Brandish them as traitors.

.Unleash a propaganda war. Broadcast over Radio and TV, drop Pamphlets from helicopters- urging the Maoists to see the futility of such a war. Appeal them for Surrender and promise rehabilitation.

.Publicise Security Forces' strikes. Update score card on daily basis. Terrify the enemy.

.Allow usage of sophisticated weapons.

Government have prepared a Plan to deal with the problem. The salient features of the policy are as follows:

• Deal sternly with the Naxals indulging in violence

• Address the problem simultaneously on political, security and development fronts.

• Ensure inter-state coordination in dealing with the problem

• Accord priority to faster socio-economic development in the Naxal areas

• supplement the efforts and resources of the affected states on both security and
development fronts

• Promote local resistance groups against the Naxals

• Use mass media to highlight the futility of Naxal violence and the loss of life and
property caused by it

• Have a proper surrender and rehabilitation policy for the Naxals

• Affected states not to have any peace dialogue with the Naxal groups unless the
latter agree to give up violence and arms.

Hope this does not stay on Paper only and is implemented in true sense!

It would thus appear that the factors which gave rise to Naxalism – the extent of poverty,uneven development, poor governance, neglect of land reforms, rising unemployment and tribals getting a raw deal - are, unfortunately, very much present today also. Unless these basic issues are sincerely addressed, a security-centric approach by itself would not be enough to deal with the problem.

Ek Kaam Desh Ke Naam

A drive started by a group of students of Nirma University, Ahmedabad to collect used sheets of paper that are blank on one side is gaining pace and supporters. The drive has reached the doorsteps of residents of housing societies. They have collected 250000 sheets so far!
First-year students of the varsity gathered partially used pieces of pa-per and turned them into notebooks for children studying in municipal schools.

It’s heartening to see to youngsters involved in activities that benefit society.
One of the students behind this innovative drive, Hardik Parmar, hopes that more people step forward and donate partially used paper.

“We can’t do door-to-door collection because of time constraint. However, if a residential society expresses interest to contribute, we will go there without fail,” he said. To date, Hardik and others have collected 2 lakh pages!

People’s Support – Salwa Judum

Mobilising the support of the people is absolutely essential to weaken the support base of
the Naxals. The representatives of major political parties have virtually abdicated their responsibility of engaging in any kind of anti-Naxal propaganda in their constituencies. In fact, most of them have sought shelter in the safety of the urban centres or the state capital.

The circumstances in which Salwa Judum evolved in the state of Chhattisgarh must be
clarified in this context. To start with, the Naxals were welcomed by the Bastar tribals
because they were harassed by corrupt revenue, police and forest officials and were
exploited by the traders from plains areas who never gave them fair price for their

The Naxals appeared as the benefactors, protecting and upholding their interests. However, in due course, as the Naxals entrenched themselves in the region, they started showing insensitivity to the feelings of tribals. They interfered with the social customs and cultural practices of the local tribals. Ghotuls were closed. Weekly bazaars were looted. Traditional celebrations at the time of marriage were discouraged. Images of Budhadev (Lord Shiva) were damaged and the tribals were asked to worship Mao only.

Village priests were driven away. All this deeply hurt the tribals. There was a strong
feeling of resentment. The Naxals did not allow the tribals to pluck tendu leaves also. This was a regular source of income for them and every family earned Rs.10,000 to 15,000 from the trade. This was denied to them. The resultant economic hardship proved to be the proverbial last straw. Enough was enough, the tribals felt.

It was against this background that the tribals rebelled against the Naxals. Large groups
of people held rallies where they expressed their vehement opposition to the aggressions
of the Naxals. This was the beginning of Salwa Judum, reflecting the resentment of the
tribals against the activities of Naxals interfering with their social customs, cultural
practices and hurting their economic interests. It was a spontaneous movement, though it is also a fact that at present the camps are being maintained and financed by the state government.

It would thus appear that the factors which gave rise to Naxalism – the extent of poverty,
uneven development, poor governance, neglect of land reforms, rising unemployment and
tribals getting a raw deal - are, unfortunately, very much present today also. Unless these
basic issues are sincerely addressed, a security-centric approach by itself would not be
enough to deal with the problem.

Four Questions for Naxal problem

Q.1- Does every person who has been wronged, pick up the gun and kill, kill and kill?

Then if the State and Central Government are trying hard to implement development projects in Naxal areas- why are such projects being targeted? Why are schools, health care centres, bridges and roads blown up regularly by the Maoists?

Here are some cases. There are many many more!

Jharkhand- Bank closes after Naxals threaten it for refusing loans to buy weapons.

Chattisgarh (Bastar)- Naxals stop work on 300 roads. The government has announced a lot of developmental schemes, like construction of roads, building of schools, colleges, water supply but the Maoists are putting hurdles in implementing these projects.

Naxal elements do not want the area to be developed as it impinges on their area of activity. Senior Political Scientist Mahendra Karna pointed out “They (Naxals) have destroyed health, education, drinking water facilities in the region.”

• Orissa (Balimela )- Power disrupted as Naxals attack Hydro Power Station.

• NH75 in Shambles due to Naxal Fear- it passes through the naxal infested but mining rich Chaibasa and Chakradharpur belt in West Singhbhum to the borders of Orrisa.

• Jharkhand- Maoists have all but stopped CIL from carrying supplies, choking off plants, says the firm’s chairman

Bhubaneswar: Maoists blew up four school buildings and a primary health centre.

UNESCO report focuses on school attacks by Maoists

A UNESCO global report has equated the CPI (Maoist)'s attacks on schools in Naxalite-dominated states with the systematic targeting of educational institutions by the Taliban in Afghanistan and Pakistan.

The report says attacks on schools and teachers are "well publicized and the perpetrators" have "made public their intention to attack schools via published threats and orders". The report says 300 schools were blown up by extremists between 2006 and 2009. There was also an "increase" in the recruitment of children by Maoists between 2005 and 2007. 14 and 15-year-olds were recruited into armed squads in Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand.

Answer. 1- Naxals do what suits them. Too much development means satisfied & happy people & also means the constant presence of Govt machinery, which impedes the growth and collection drives of the Naxals. Hence better to stop development in practice but unleash a propaganda that govt does nothing for the poor! The Propaganda & plan would make Goebbels (Nazi Propaganda Minister) proud!

Q.2 Naxalism: A Rs 1500 crore red corridor empire

Naxalism, which started off as a people's movement, has now become an ideology less Rs 1500 crore organised extortion business in the form of 'levy'of 5 to 10%, in the Red Corridor states.
CPI (Maoist) and especially its splinter groups, which extort the money hardly pump it back for running the movement but instead use it to maintain luxurious lifestyles for their masters, the officials said. The chiefs lead a luxurious life with all modern facilities. Though, they forcibly recruit children in their cadre, their own kids study in good public schools.

The Naxal literature and documents seized have revealed details of "levy" extorted by groups which run in several hundred crores every year.

Interestingly, it is not just the Naxals who approach contractors for money but in some cases even the contractors approach the Naxals with money.
In certain incidents, contractors have themselves approached the Naxals to blow up the roads built by them because they had used inferior material at first place. As the roads are blown away, no quality inspection takes place.

The Naxals also encourage local villagers to undertake opium cultivation, just like insurgents in Northeast states.

Of the total 1.07 lakh kg of ganja or marijuana seized in the country in 2007, heavy quantity of it was from Nagaland (15,489 kg), Madhya Pradesh (14,815 kg), Maharashtra (12,551 kg), Chhattisgarh (7,470 kg) and Andhra Pradesh (7,059 kg).

West Midnapore police have claimed that the PCPA forcibly collected at least Rs 80 lakh a month from Lalgarh and Binpur residents after quizzing a treasurer of the outfit.

“Forests mean minerals, minerals mean money, money means guns, and guns mean power,”

Q. 3 Do Naxals exploit women and children?

Naxals forcibly recruit and train children for combat. At least 300 children were trained in the dense forests of Dhanbad and Giridih in Jharkhand under a crash course in the use of small arms.

Similar reports also come from Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh . Some years ago, the security forces rescued a group of girls from a camp of the erstwhile Maoist Communist Centre.

Amnesty International noted that the erstwhile PWG had recruited children between the ages of eight and 15 “believing that they could train children more effectively than women to resist police interrogation”.

Both boys and girls operate in rebel ranks. They have been utilized to gather intelligence, carry food and weapons, and to serve extortion notes. The children, being in an impressionable age, are susceptible to indoctrination.
Nevertheless, to prevent children from associating with left-wing extremists, security officials periodically visit hostels and counsel the students about the difficulties they could face if they join Naxalite groups.

Yes, it is a fact that Naxals have created specialized units consisting of minors. The children are more prone to brain wash than grown-ups and that is the primary reason why minors are targeted.
We were sexually exploited by comrades: Maoist women

Maoists who shout from the roof-top for taking up the cause of the poor are reported to have sexually exploited their women cadres.

Girls between 14 and 18 years of age were abducted by the ultras at gun-point from interior tribal villages and forced to have sex with them. Besides sex, they were utilized for cooking food for the ultras, making bombs and other errands.

The startling revelation was made by a local TV news channel in Orissa and also by surrendered women cadres in Bihar. Quoting Sabita Munda, the 20-year-old tribal girl who was holding the rank of an “area commander” who surrendered with a young male cadre, OTV news report said Maoist women cadres who raise their voice against were instructed by senior leaders to remain silent.
Abuse rampant

Two arrested hardcore Naxalites, Geeta Murmu and Anju Murmu, said they were also sexually exploited in the rebel camps.

“Twice I had to undergo abortion. On protest, I was told to keep shut or else I would be shot dead,” said Geeta, who was the “mistress” of sub-zonal naxal commander Chirag Da for two years.

Geeta gave graphic details of how they (a group of 200 woman Naxalites) were exploited in the dense forest areas of Belhar, which is considered to be a citadel of Maoists. “Some time back, my sister Anju Murmu too joined the naxal group. One night, she was on duty manning the borders of Banka and Jamui forest, when another Naxalite Battu gagged and raped her."

Q.4-Naxals say they do not kill / humiliate civilians. A Big Lie!
Here are a few cases:

• Maoists Kill Villager in AP Branding Him Police Informer

• Maoists insult school teachers -PCPA in Satpati village in West Bengal’s Midnapore district. publicly humiliated three school teachers for allegedly hiring incompetent staff. By holding a kangaroo court, pronouncing the 3 teachers guilty of hiring incompetent person and then garlanded with shoes and paraded in the village

• Maoists behead 2 people on Holi in Bihar’s Munger .

• Munger/Bankura - Cops beheaded like Francis Induwar.

8 of family burnt alive by naxals -Eight persons of a family, including women and children, were burnt alive by naxals at Koylibeda village in Chhattisgarh's Kanker district on 13 Aug 2009.They had declined to obey the Maoists’ decision on a land dispute.

• In a shocking incident in Orissa, a maoist leader and his people killed a villager in a gruesome manner and then ate his flesh in front of the horrified villagers in an act of Cannibalism.

Read Interview of Marshall (Former close aide of Kishenji), on Maoist terror against tribals:

“I want to ask Kishenji a simple question. Why do his men collect a levy of Rs 20 and 3 kg rice from every such poor and deprived tribal household at gun point in that case ? I know thousands of poor tribal families who are not in a position to meet Kishenji’s demands, but have to cough up the money out of sheer fright.”

Answer 4- They kill, torture, behead, burn to death villagers who do not cooperate or who are informers according to them. So any one who raises a voice against them will be killed? Also See the casualties table above and read on:

Tuesday, March 23, 2010

Why Did Naxalism become popular? Who is to be blamed?

Originating in a small village of West Bengal, the Naxalite ideology gained rapid currency in other parts of West Bengal and India within a few years. By the early 1970s, the Naxalite movement had spread from far-flung areas like Andhra Pradesh and Kerala in the south, to Bihar in the east, and Uttar Pradesh and Punjab in the north.

For some time the Naxalites had virtually set up alternative administrative machinery in Srikakulam in Andhra Pradesh, to which they referred to as `liberated zone'.

In parts of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, the Naxalites succeeded in mobilizing the peasantry to recover lands that they had lost to the moneylender-cum-landlord class (and carry their harvested crops to their homes.

Tribal support to the movement grew as the oppressed class had decided to rise against the oppressors.

The Naxalbari movement was crushed with a heavy hand by the government in 1972.

Today this problem has assumed epidemic like proportions.

The root cause of Naxalism is flawed economic policies and disparities that exist between various sections of society. There has been too little developmental work in remote areas of the country and as a result a large number of people feel alienated, which has given rise to the menace of Naxalism.

Clearly the party which has ruled India for more than 80% time has failed its people miserably!

Lop sided development in last 63 years.

• Job and living hood crisis.

• Negligent infrastructure development.

• Flag ship Government schemes under utilizing funds.

• Corruption creates a bottle neck.

• Unemployment and backwardness forces the young, unemployed youth to take up arms and term themselves as Naxals/Maoists and different labels in different states!

• Alleged torture of villagers by the security forces creates alienation.

• Rebels become a source of inspiration for physically exploited women. In some cases, as has been reported from Bihar, joining the Maoists is a way out of poverty and starvation.

• Young persons initially develop intimacy with the group and gradually turn sympathizers and spies. Some eventually join the rebels. A family member, relative or someone known to the family in the party could act as a facilitator.

The Naxals claim to be the representatives of the Adivasis, the people staying in jungles and that of the very poor and oppressed class. They claim that The Indian Union had denied these people their rights and have made life hell for them. They claim to champion these very people.

The intellectuals like Varavara Rao, Kobad Ghandy and Arundhati Roy raise issue of torture and custodial deaths of tribals and foot soldiers of the Naxals and also shout at the top of their voice that severe injustice is being done to the poorest of the poor.

Often the Villagers or tribals are caught between the Devil and the Deep Sea: The forces and the Naxals!

There have been cases where tribals are languishing in jails after being branded as Maoists. In Orissa, people said the Government may have been posing as pro-tribal but its actions are otherwise. The share of tribals in Sundargarh is declining fast from 64 % in 1951; it has dropped to 50.19 per cent in 2001. The current census will see the figure dropping below 50 per cent. The exodus of tribals is not just a matter of concern; the outsiders’ influx is a greater worry, who, he said have hijacked the livelihood and security of the indigenous population

Alarming rise of Naxalism- the Siege Within

From 50 odd districts in 2004 when UPA took over power, Naxalism is now active in 220 districts and 20 states are affected. The so called Red Corridor and other areas are spread over 92,000 Sq Km or nearly 40% of India!

Naxalism is pure and simple TERRORISM, which disguises itself with terms like "class struggle" and "social justice"

So Is the Govt wrong in attacking the Poor Victimized Maoist? Read on and decide emphatically. In this case there can be no Grey- Only Black or White.

The Naxals do not believe in Indian Democracy and want to overthrow it by 2050.

If they really feel that people are with them- we dare them to fight elections and truly help the people if they win. Will this challenge be accepted?

The Prime Minister Dr Man Mohan Singh has said that the recent brutal killing of policemen, blowing up railway tracks and burning of vehicles by the Naxalites cannot be equated to terrorism! What else do you require to qualify for a label like Terrorists? It’s very immature of a national leader to say something like this instead of coming down heavily with an iron hand against all those who take up arms and hold the machinery to ransom?

Mr P.M. you say something say something sitting in heavily guarded chambers in the capital and it’s the poor front line police constables and the security forces who bear the brunt of the brutal attacks and make their families suffer silently. The Government on their part consoles the families by sending a Wreath and announcing some relief!

The attack on a The Eastern Rifles Camp in Bengal by the Naxals, which killed 19 jawans was perhaps a grim reminder on the vicious determination of these home grown terrorists to overthrow the institution called democracy and usher in a mob rule by 2050 in India. Yes, left-wing extremism is alive and kicking in rural India, but also as a kick in the face of those who now formulate policy in the ministry of home affairs.

Naxalites pose a challenge to India's democratic polity and rule of law; they pose an ideological threat that questions the legitimacy of the Indian State. Today they are perhaps more dangerous for us than even the Jihadi elements. The Jihadis are outsiders but these Naxals are very much our own people. Our own people, out to sadistically wound, maim and mutilate Mother India. And yes, if you thought that they were isolated, you are wrong. They get ideological support from many in the so called intellectual class of India, who are fast showing their true colours.

Naxals say they do not attack civilians and the troops are barbaric. So why are the forces and civilians the major casualty? The Killing fiends will perhaps laugh at this irony.

K P S Gill, who has battled many insurgencies, leading his men from the front, commented, it does not make sense to build roads and bridges which cannot be used for fear of death at the hands of Naxalites

The Government this time is determined under a determined Home Minister to fight the enemy, bullet for bullet. Operation Green Hunt has begun and for the first time, we have seen the determination of the state to use it’s might against the perpetrators of such heinous activities.

The placatory steps from 2004 to 2009 had emboldened these enemies of India. Many a times, the state and the central Governments bent themselves to accommodate them (example of Andhra is all before us) and to take their help in winning elections too. It is sad that many of our politicians would not hesitate to trade the Country for their personal benefits.

A Naxalite leader was famously quoted as saying: 'By going to the talks, we are not declaring any ceasefire... Talks are a part of our tactical line. Naxalism is not a problem: it is the solution.

India's intelligence agencies have evidence to prove that Naxalites are being used by Pakistan's ISI for drug-trafficking and pumping fake currency notes. In return, the ISI is providing the Naxalites with sophisticated weaponry and the know-how for making and using improvised explosive devices. Seized weapons and ammunition bear witness to this evidence.

And with Liberals/Marxist/Secular Neros who cry tears of blood for the progeny of Lenin & Mao who don't think twice before raping and killing their own comrades. But they wont even blurt a word of gratitude for our forces who selflessly fight for our safety.WHO NEEDS ENEMIES WITH SUCH PEOPLE IN FOREFRONT TO SUPPORT THIS UNHOLY CAUSE?

Friday, March 19, 2010

For Children- The Holy Puranas- In Simple Story Format

Shiv Purana- Chapters I to III
SHIV PURANA Volume I Chapter I

There are 18 Puranas divided into 3 categories and each having 6 texts.

Satvika Puranas stress on incarnations of Lord Vishnu.
Rajasika Puranas stress on creation, give more importance to Lord Brahma.
Tamasika Puranas stress on the destructive emphasis and pertain to Lord Shiva.

The Shiv Purana contains 24,000 shlokas and is divided into 6 samhitas (sections) and each samhita is divided into adhyayas (chapters).

Lord Shiva is the easily God to please and he can be won over by simple puja or by offerings like a small flower or a root unlike Lord Vishnu whose worship involves costly rituals.

Purity is important in Lord Shiva’s worship.

The Story Of Brahma- Volume I Chapter II

In the beginning, there was only a void and as Lord Vishnu slept on Water, a lotus sprang from his navel and from the cells of this lotus was born Brahma.

Brahma wondered where he had originated from and descended down the stem in search of an answer but he could neither find the end, beginning or the centre of the Lotus.

He tried to return and lost his way and roamed for 100 years and at last he heard a voice, asking him to be calm and meditate, which he did.

At last Lord Vishnu appeared before him and called him a son as he was created from Vishnu’s navel. Brahma did not like being called ‘son’ by Vishnu. The argument grew and soon converted into a fight.

Suddenly a huge Linga appeared .It was decided that Brahma would take the form of a swan and try to find the top of the Linga and Vishnu would take the form of a boar and seek the end. They went about doing so for thousands of years but to no avail.

Brahma took help from a ketaki flower from the heaven to fraud Vishnu in accepting that ketaki was a witness to Brahma’s finding the top of the Linga and just when this falsehood was uttered, Shiva sprang out from the Linga and cursed Brahma for lying. Hence He said that there will be no temples dedicated to Brahma while ketaki flowers were banned from being used in temples.

Shiv said that we three are a part of the same being and have roles to play, Brahma is the creator, Vishnu is the preserver while I am the destroyer. So let Brahma start his creation work.

Brahma begins Creation- Volume I Chapter III

In the beginning there was water all around and in it Vishnu created a huge egg and entered it. Brahma was born of this egg and is hence called HIRANYAGARBHA.

Brahma through his meditation created several rishes including Daksha and Mareechi.Mareechi’s son was Kashyap who married 30 daughters of Daksha and hence were born the devas (called Aditya as they were sons of Aditi), asuras (called Daityas as the were sons of Diti).

One day Brahma was asked by the rishes as to who was the greatest. Brahma declared himself to be the greatest and this was disputed by Vishnu. Vedas were referred and it was stated that Shiva was the greatest.

The other two protested that how can the lord of the ghosts, goblins and snakes be the greatest. At this Shiva sprang in their middle in a vast and terrible form. The 5th head of Brahma mocked Shiva and at this Shiva cut it off with Bhairava’s nail!

In the meantime, Daksha was ordained the PRAJAPATI (Progenitor)by Brahma and he invoked a great YAGNA TO CELEBRATE THIS BUT DID NOT INVITE Shiva his son-in-law who had not given him respects as Prajapati. Sati, despite Shiva’s request not to attend, went to her father’s yagna, uninvited and was insulted and so was Shiva and in a fit of anger, she jumped into the sacrificial fire and immolated herself.

When Shiva learnt of this, he sent Veer Bhadra and his army to kill and destroy the yagna and even Daksha was killed. Yet Shiva was not pacified and carried the body of Sati and started doing the dance of destruction- TANDAAV NRUTYA and as a result the earth started getting destroyed.

Vishnu used his SUDARSHAN CHAKRA to cut parts of Sati’s body (and where these parts fell- a SHAKTIPEETH WAS ESTABLISHED and which are found all over India).

Shiv calmed down and the dead gods and Daksha (who got a goats head as replacement) were revived with his permission and the yagna was completed.

Sati, ever devoted to Shiva was reborn to Himavan, the lord of Himalayas but that’s another story.


1. From the top of which mountain did Hanuman leap for Lanka? Mt. Mahendra

2. When Hanuman forgot his powers as fated, who reminded him of them? Jambuvan

3. Whom did Hanuman mistake for Sita in Lanka? Mandodari

4. Hanuman hid on which tree in Ashok Vatika? Sinsapa

5. Which son of Ravana was killed by Hanuman during his 1st visit to Lanka? Akshaya

6. Who had presented the gem to Sita , which she sent back with Hanuman for Sri Rama? Janaka

7. Who sent Hanuman to bring Sanjeevani? Susena

8. Who felled Hanuman while he was returning back after bringing Sanjeevani? Bharata

9. What name was given to Krishna when he acted as a charioteer for Arjun? Parthasarathi

10. Who accompanied Yudhisthir on his last journey? A dog

11. Who was Abhimanyu’s son? Parikshit

12.In Mahabharata, who was initially given the nameVasusena as he was born with
With radiance and later came to be known by another name? Karna


Aum Trayambakam Yajamahe,
Sugandhim Pushtivardhanam;
Urva Rukamiva Bandhanaan,
Mrityor Mokshiye Maamritat

Summary of the Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra

We worship Shiva - The Three-Eyed (tryambakam) Lord (yajamahe);
Who is fragrant (sugandhim) and nourishes (pushti) and grows (vardhanam) all beings.
As the ripened cucumber (urvarukamiva) is liberated (bandhanaan)
(by the intervention of the "farmer") from its bondage to the creeper
when it fully ripens;May He liberate us (mokshiya) from death (mrityor),
for the sake of immortality (maamritaat).

Physical Health- Desi Remedies for Teeth Whitening

Note: Various methods have been suggested below. Please consult your doctor before use.

Mix baking soda and hydrogen peroxide to form toothpaste. Brush the teeth regularly with this paste. It will remove all stains in a month.

Rubbing the bark of walnut tree on the teeth helps in removing stains from the teeth.

Rubbing the teeth with strawberries daily will remove all the stains.

Brush the teeth every night with apple cider vinegar.

Prepare a paste by adding equal amounts of lemon juice & salt and apply to teeth.

Excess intake of coffee, tea, red wine, carbonated drinks and smoking should be avoided.

Gargling the teeth with a cup of water and half a teaspoonful of rock salt at night is beneficial in preventing all tooth problems.